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Twining Memo

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Twining Memo


On 23rd September 1947 General Twining, Commanding General of the Air Materiel Command, sent a secret memorandum to Brigadier General George Schulgen, Chief of the Air Intelligence Requirements Division at the Pentagon, in response to a request from Air Intelligence concerning the 'flying discs'. Twining stated:


"The phenomenon reported is something real and not visionary or fictitious....There are objects probably approximating the shape of a disc, of such appreciable size as to appear to be as large as man-made aircraft....The reported operating characteristics such as extreme rates of climb, manoeuvrability (particularly in roll) , and action which must be considered evasive when sighted or contacted by friendly aircraft and radar, lend belief to the possibility that some of the objects are controlled either manually, automatically or remotely."


Twining's report went on to list some of the common descriptions associated with the objects.


"(1) Metallic or light reflecting surface.

(2) Absence of trail, except in a few instances when the object apparently was operating under high performance conditions.

(3) Circular or elliptical in shape, flat on bottom and domed on top.

(4) Several reports of well kept formation flights varying from three to nine objects.

(5) Normally no associated sound, except in three instances a substantial rumbling roar was noted.

(6) Level flight speeds normally above 300 knots are established."



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